About the Symposium

The 61st International Symposium ELMAR-2019, the oldest conference in Europe, will traditionally be held in the beautiful old town Zadar on the Croatian Adriatic coast. While the scientific program is expected to create stimulating professional interaction, the crystal clear Adriatic Sea, warm summer atmosphere and wealth of historic monuments promise a pleasant and memorable stay. The symposium is sponsored by the Croatian Society Electronics in Marine (ELMAR).

The scientific program includes keynote talks by eminent international experts and contributed papers. Papers accepted by two independent reviewers and presented at the symposium will be published in the symposium proceedings and IEEE Xplore.

Several special sessions will be organized during the symposium. We encourage special session proposals and submission of papers to the proposed special sessions.


  • Image and Video Processing
  • Multimedia Communications
  • Speech and Audio Processing
  • Wireless Communications
  • Telecommunications
  • Mobile communications
  • Antennas and Propagation
  • Robotics
  • e-Learning and m-Learning

  • Satellite technologies
  • Radar systems
  • Navigation Systems
  • Ship Electronic Systems
  • Transport systems
  • Power Electronics and Automation
  • Naval Architecture
  • Sea Ecology

General Chair
Branka Zovko-Cihlar, University of Zagreb, Croatia

General Co-Chair
Mislav Grgić, University of Zagreb, Croatia

Program Chair
Mario Muštra, University of Zagreb, Croatia

Publication Chair
Dijana Vitas, Croatia

Web Chair
Josip Vuković, Croatia

Venue Organizing Chair
Jelena Božek, Croatia

Vladimir Roboz, Croatia

Program Committee
Juraj Bartolić, Croatia
Narcis Behlilović, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Jelena Božek, Croatia
Aura Conci, Brasil
Marek Domanski, Poland
Janusz Filipiak, Poland
Borko Furht, USA
Mohammed Ghanbari, United Kingdom
Dušan Gleich, Slovenia
Mislav Grgić, Croatia
Sonja Grgić, Croatia
Yo-Sung Ho, Korea
Bernhard Hofmann-Wellenhof, Austria
Ebroul Izquierdo, United Kingdom
Aggelos K. Katsaggelos, USA
Ana Katalinić Mucalo, Croatia
Ismail Khalil, Austria
Tomislav Kos, Croatia
Murat Kunt, Switzerland
Igor Kuzle, Croatia
Panos Liatsis, UAE
Rastislav Lukac, Canada
Lidija Mandić, Croatia
Branka Medved Rogina, Croatia
Borivoj Modlic, Croatia
Marta Mrak, United Kingdom
Mario Muštra, Croatia
Zdeněk Němec, Czech Republic
Miloš Oravec, Slovakia
Jarmila Pavlovičová, Slovakia
Fernando Pereira, Portugal
Irena Petrijevčanin Vuksanović, Croatia
Jan Pidanič, Czech Republic
Peter Planinšič, Slovenia
Pavol Podhradský, Slovakia
Kamisetty R. Rao, USA
Darko Ratkaj, Switzerland
Fabiana Rodrigues Leta, Brasil
Gregor Rozinaj, Slovakia
Markus Rupp, Austria
Gerald Schaefer, United Kingdom
Shiguang Shan, China
Thomas Sikora, Germany
Karolj Skala, Croatia
Ryszard Stasinski, Poland
Luis Torres, Spain
Frantisek Vejrazka, Czech Republic
Dijana Vitas, Croatia
Stamatis Voliotis, Greece
Josip Vuković, Croatia
Krzysztof Wajda, Poland
Branka Zovko-Cihlar, Croatia

International Review Committee
Winton Afrić, Croatia
Codruta Ancuti, Italy
Goran Bakalar, Croatia
Sanja Bauk, Montenegro
Alen Begović, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Narcis Behlilović, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Marko Bosiljevac, Croatia
Jelena Božek, Croatia
Miloš Brajović, Montenegro
Jasmina Čaušević, Croatia
Emil Dumić, Croatia
Juraj Fosin, Croatia
Irena Galić, Croatia
Branimir Ivšić, Croatia
Juraj Kačur, Slovakia
Ana Katalinić-Mucalo, Croatia
Jan Kufa, Czech Republic
Hrvoje Leventić, Croatia
Časlav Livada, Croatia
Sadko Mandžuka, Croatia
Marta Mrak, United Kingdom
Mario Muštra, Croatia
Zdeněk Němec, Czech Republic
Miloš Oravec, Slovakia
Jarmila Pavlovičová, Slovakia
Juraj Petrović, Croatia
Jan Pidanič, Czech Republic
Pavol Podhradský, Slovakia
Michal Reznicek, Czech Republic
Renata Rybárová, Slovakia
Gregor Rozinaj, Slovakia
Markus Rupp, Austria
Tomás Shejbal, Czech Republic
Mladen Sokele, Croatia
Isidora Stanković, Montenegro
Zvonimir Šipuš, Croatia
Namir Škaljo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Dijana Vitas, Croatia
Mario Vranješ, Croatia
Josip Vuković, Croatia
Radovan Zentner, Croatia
Branka Zovko-Cihlar, Croatia

Organising Committee
Jelena Bozek, Croatia
Mislav Grgić, Croatia
Mario Muštra, Croatia
Dijana Vitas, Croatia
Josip Vuković, Croatia



Final deadline for submission
of full papers

Notification of acceptance mailed out by

Deadline for submission of camera-ready papers

Preliminary program available
on the web-site by

Early registration deadline

Accommodation deadline

Keynote Speakers

Optical Wireless Communications and Hybrid Networks as Necessary Supplement and Important Extension of
Future 5G Technology

Prof. Erich Leitgeb, Ph.D.

Institute of Microwave and Photonic Engineering
Graz University of Technology

5G Technology is currently the general hype within the modern and future Communications field. But we also know very well, that 5G will not be the final stage of Telecommunications, the user and telecom clients will need higher data rates soon. Also in most of the countries 5G is not available in big parts of rural areas, and so far not all possible frequency slots (within the 5G relevant RF-spectrum) are used. Only in and around cities 5G is mostly well installed and established and available for users. Still the GBit/s data rates in 5G Technology will not be available in all regions within the next 10 years, but the user and clients will need TBit/s soon (already available with fibre cables and optical data transmission). Within this contribution Optical Wireless Communication (OWC), well known as Free Space Optics (FSO) also in combination (as hybrid transmission methods) with other telecommunication technologies (including WLAN and satellite communications) and applications for 5G are presented. Modular communication systems are considered, which allows worldwide access to the Internet or other networks by combining satellite communications, FSO, Wireless LAN, Local Multipoint Distribution System (LMDS) and DVB-T (terrestrial digital video broadcast). Current and future applications of OWC and hybrid solutions also on deep space missions and for autonomous driving systems (for cars, ships and planes) in combination with 5G networks are shown in this talk. Optical Wave Propagation is also important for Sensing and Detection Technologies for Future Applications.

The contribution also deals with possible fields of applications for optical wireless (discussed and compared to 5G and RF) in conjunction with automated driving. The scope considers requirements (including infrastructural view and law), differences of Optical and RF-Wave Propagation and promising combinations of optical techniques with conventional wireless technologies. Optical wireless has a huge potential to cover the expected high data rate demands (wished and awaited for 5G). A welcome side effect (of combining OWC and RF) is the relief of the crowded RF bands. It turned out that hybrid systems are currently the most promising approach as each technology has its own specific drawbacks (by different weather influences) and the combination provides the advantages without the disadvantages.

Also the visible light communication (VLC) offers a sophisticated concept of optical communications, and headlamps and taillights of vehicles could also be used for communication purposes as well as serving exact position data in locations, where no satellite position system is in reach (e.g. tunnels, narrow house-canyons in cities). Optical Communication can also be implemented inside the vehicle. A reduction of vehicle weight and the complete lack of electromagnetic disturbances are interesting properties. All those examples demonstrate optical wireless as an important part for modern data transmission and as future innovation optical technologies for automated driving and future sensor networks. Current and future applications of OWC and hybrid solutions in combination with 5G networks will become more and more important and will be supplemented for autonomous driving systems (for cars, ships and planes) by combining Optical- and RF-waves (also for sensing and detecting targets, obstacles and neighbour-systems).

Erich Leitgeb was born in 1964 in Fürstenfeld (Styria, Austria) and received his master degree at the University of Technology Graz in 1994. From 1982 to 1984 he attended the military service, including a training to an officer for Communications in the Austrian army, and he is still active as an expert in military communications (current military rank Lieutenant-Colonel). In 1994 he started research work in Optical Communications at the Department of Communications and Wave Propagation (TU Graz). In February 1999 he received his PhD-degree with honours. Since January 2000 he is project leader of international research projects in the field of optical communications and he established and leads the research group for Optical Communications at TU Graz and joined international projects (like COST 270, the EU project SatNEx and SatNEx 2, COST 291, COST IC0802, IC1101 and currently MP1401, CA15127 and CA16220) and ESA projects in different functions.

End of 2003 he submitted his research work for the Associate Professor. Since 2011, he is Professor for Optical Communications and Wireless Applications at the Institute of Microwave and Photonic Engineering at TU Graz. He is giving lectures in Optical Communications Engineering, Antennas and Wave Propagation and Microwaves.

Erich Leitgeb had research stays at the Institute of Telecommuni¬cations (FER) at the University of Zagreb (Croatia), at the University of Ljubljana and the Jožef Stefan Institute (IJS) in Ljubljana (Slovenia), and later within international projects at Northumbria University (UK), TU Brno and TU Ostrava (Czech. Republic) and TU Poznan (Poland). He gave guest lectures in “Optical Wireless” in the frame of ERASMUS / SOCRATES lecture mobility at University of Patras (2008 and 2009) and at University of Zagreb (2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013). He is a Visiting Professor at the Northumbria University in Newcastle (UK) and he is a Member of IEEE, SPIE (the International Society for Optics and Photonics), OSA (Optical Society of America) and WCA (Wireless Communications Association). Since the EuCAP 2012, he is representative of “Optical Wireless” at EurAAP and since 2011 Austrian delegate of URSI Commission B (Fields and Waves).

Since 2003 he is reviewer for IEEE and SPIE conferences and journals and he acts as member of Technical Committees and Chairpersons on these conferences. Since 2007 he prepared international IEEE conferences (like CSNDSP 2008, ConTEL 2011, NOC 2013, ICTON 2014, ConTEL 2015, CoBCom 2016, CoBCom 2018 and currently ConTEL 2019) as local organizer in Graz.

Erich Leitgeb is author and co-author of 5 book-chapters, around 40 Journal publications, 140 reviewed Conference papers, around 40 Invited Talks and more than 60 international scientific reports. For further information see the TUG-Online system under https://online.tugraz.at/tug_online/webnav.ini.

Video Quality Evaluation in the Context of QoE Modelling for Adaptive Video Streaming

Prof. Snježana Rimac-Drlje, PhD

Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Computer Science and Information Technology Osijek
Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Croatia

The share of video traffic in total IP traffic is now around 60%, and it is estimated that by 2021, it will have exceeded 80%. Video streaming is herein the most widely used video service. In such conditions, Video Quality Assessment (VQA) is of the utmost importance to network and service providers, which, with the appropriate resource allocation, must provide high Quality of Experience (QoE) to prevent users churn. The goal of the VQA metrics is to estimate which video quality the human viewer would perceive. It is not an easy task since a Human Visual System (HVS) is very complex and the perceived quality of a video depends on HVS contrast as well as frequency sensitivity, masking effects, foveation vision mechanism and temporal effects. Some of the metrics are based on the HVS model and they try to incorporate some known HVS mechanisms in a computational efficient manner. Other metrics are based on the extraction and analysis of certain features or artifacts in a video. The final quality grade is obtained by pooling of the quality parameter calculated from these features and/or artifact.

HTTP based adaptive video streaming (HAS) is widely used for video on demand services (YouTube, Netflix, etc.) but also for the real-time applications. It ensures adaptation of the video transmission to the changing network conditions. The adaptation of the encoding bitrates to the network throughout is not only done by changing the quantization parameters, but also by changing the spatial and temporal resolution of the video. Furthermore, due to shortcomings of the bitrate adaptation algorithms used by HAS, stalling events as well as too frequent changes of the quality levels may occur. In such conditions, estimating the video quality is even more challenging. This speech will provide an insight in the current state of the usage of VQA metrics in the QoE modelling for HAS as well as elaborate on ongoing challenges in this field.

Snježana Rimac-Drlje received her B.Sc., M.Sc. and Ph.D. from the University of Zagreb, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing, in 1987, 1994, 2000, respectively. From 1987, she has been affiliated to the Department of Communications, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Computer Science and Information Technology Osijek (FERIT), University of Osijek, where she has reached a rank of a full professor with tenure. She introduced several courses at undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate levels in the field of communications and multimedia. She is currently a Vice-Dean for International Cooperation as well as a Head of the Chair of Multimedia Systems and Digital Television at FERIT. She has actively participated in several Croatian as well as European research projects focused on video compression and quality evaluation, video transmission, wireless communications as well as radio wave propagation. Some of the latest contributions include her work on metrics for video quality assessment and development of video streaming adaptation algorithms. Dr. Snježana Rimac-Drlje is an author and a co-author of over 80 published scientific papers in addition to several research and expert studies within her research field. She is a member of editorial boards of two scientific journals, namely Technical Gazette and International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering Systems. She is a senior member of IEEE, reviewer for IEEE conferences and journals as well as a member of technical committees and chairpersons on these conferences. She was a technical program co-chair for IEEE conferences Smart Systems and Technologies (2016-2018) and a general co-chair for EURASIP and IEEE conference IWSSIP 2019, Osijek, Croatia. She is a member of the Croatian Academy of Engineering and a member of the Croatian Standards Institute Technical Committee.

The biggest challenges facing 5G: security, health concerns and network construction challenges

Mr. Sc. Miran Gosta

Executive director of Croatian Regulatory Authority for Network Industries (HAKOM), Croatia

The fifth generation cellular network technology or 5G will enable industrial transformation by supporting the new types of applications connecting devices and objects (the Internet of Things). It will enable software virtualization that allows innovative business models across multiple sectors (e.g. transport, health, manufacturing, logistics, energy, media and entertainment). It is believed that the economy and jobs will be strongly stimulated by 5G deployment, and therefore the governments and private investors are focused on this technology.

Although expectations are rising (to the hype), engineers understand that the fifth generation will take much longer than earlier generations to full deployment. 5G brings communication improvements regarding data rates and minimal response time (latency). There are three 5G business models identified, each having different communications needs: Enhanced or extreme mobile broadband – eMBB, Massive machine type communication – mMTC and Critical machine type communication – cMTC.

This speech will give an insight in the current state of play of 5G deployment. It will investigate the usage of new frequency bands and how it reflects on the challenges regarding network construction, network densification and health concerns. Finalization of the standardisation in 2019 will be emphasised as the first step before serious implementation. Security issues raised from 5G business models will be discussed, with focus on how main security concerns will be addressed.

Miran Gosta M. Sc. E.E. was born in 1980 in Zagreb. He graduated in 2003 and got his master’s degree in Postgraduate Scientific Study in 2006 at the Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing in Zagreb, Department of Radio communications and Professional Electronics. He is author and co-author of 12 scientific papers with an international review and numerous professional papers. Since 2003 he has been employed at the Croatian Institute for Telecommunications, HAKOM's legal predecessor. He held positions as Project Engineer in the Radio and TV department, Head of Television Department, Project Leader, and Senior Expert for Broadcasting Planning, participating in all major national and European projects. Currently he is the executive director of Croatian Regulatory Authority for Network Industries (HAKOM).

Special sessions

Prospective organizers are invited to submit proposals for special sessions. Special sessions, like regular sessions, are oral technical sessions with at least five speakers each. The special session organizer’s role is to invite the five speakers, ensure that the papers are submitted on time, organise the review, ensure that authors of accepted papers submit the camera ready papers through the official online system and remind participants to register for the conference. The session organiser should also chair the session.

Those willing to organize special session, please contact Asst Prof Mario Muštra, ELMAR-2019 Program Chair: elmar2019@fer.hr. The deadline for proposals is March 15, 2019.

Intelligent Transport Systems

Download SS1 Call for Papers

Assistant Professor Mario Muštra, PhD
Associate Professor Sadko Mandžuka, PhD
Faculty of Transport and Traffic Sciences
University of Zagreb, Croatia

Computer Vision for New Emerging Applications

Download SS2 Call for Papers

Associate Professor Irena Galić, PhD
Hrvoje Leventić, PhD
Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Computer Science and Information Technology
J. J. Strossmayer University of Osijek, Croatia

Workshop on DVB-T2

Language: Croatian

Nova era digitalne zemaljske televizije u Hrvatskoj

Poziv i program

Tigran Vržina
Odašiljači i veze d.o.o., Zagreb

dr. sc. Ana Katalinić Mucalo
Hrvatska regulatorna agencija za mrežne djelatnosti (HAKOM)

prof. dr. sc. Branka Zovko-Cihlar
Društvo ELMAR, Zadar

Paper Submission

Only original papers that have not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere can be submitted.

If you are interested in submitting a paper to ELMAR symposium, you need to prepare a full paper on four (4) pages in the A4 paper size. Additional pages will be charged (the paper is required to have even number of pages).

Please prepare your paper according to the ELMAR paper template: All papers must adhere to the IEEE Xplore PDF specification for compatibility. Therefore, authors are asked to carefully study IEEE Xplore PDF requirements and convert their papers to PDF based on these requirements. Otherwise, paper can be rejected without review. The compliance with the requirements must to be confirmed by uploading the PDF (or source files) to IEEE PDF eXpress Plus, using 47530XP as the Conference ID.

Please send your submission electronically in PDF-format using Microsoft Research Conference Management Toolkit (CMT).

Select the symposium topic that most closely matches the subject area of your paper. This topic selection will be used to match reviewers to your paper, and to include your paper in the most appropriate session in the symposium program, so it is important to make a careful selection. Special session papers should also be submitted through CMT, with specioal session name selected as the topic. If the paper is accepted, on Camera ready version of the paper, the copyright notice should be added to the footer, below the left paragraph on the first page.

The appropriate copyright clearance code notice is to appear on the bottom of the first page of each paper according to the guidelines set forth in the Cataloging/Copyright Instructions for an IEEE Conference Proceeding. Detailed instructions can be found at: www.ieee.org/publications/rights/index.html. Also, the ELMAR templates have been updated to include the copyright notice. Please select the appropriate notice from the list below:

- For papers in which all authors are employed by the US government, the copyright notice is:
U.S. Government work not protected by U.S. copyright

- For papers in which all authors are employed by a Crown government (UK, Canada, and Australia), the copyright notice is:
978-1-7281-2181-9/19/$31.00 ©2019 Crown

- For papers in which all authors are employed by the European Union, the copyright notice is:
978-1-7281-2181-9/19/$31.00 ©2019 European Union

- For all other papers the copyright notice is:
978-1-7281-2181-9/19/$31.00 ©2019 IEEE

The CMT will also guide the author to fill in the copyright form, which should be uploaded to CMT along with the camera-ready paper.

Commercial references (such as Product Names, Brands, or Part Numbers) are not permitted in the body of the paper. Commercial presentation opportunities are available during sponsored events at the symposium. Please contact the Program Chair for more information.

Authors submitting the papers should be able to communicate effectively in English. Individuals presenting papers at the symposium should be able to effectively deliver the paper in English to an international audience - authors who are unable to do so themselves, are obliged to find alternative speakers who can effectively present their paper.

It is required that each accepted paper will be orally presented (appx. 15-minutes presentation time) by its author, co-author or a presenter (non-author). Symposium organizers will not send proceedings hard copies to no-show authors and such papers will be excluded from online proceedings. No-show authors will be excluded from all future ELMAR paper submissions.

Registration & Pricing

Early registration (until June 26 2019):
- ELMAR and IEEE members: 450 €
- Standard: 490 €
Late registration (June 27 2019 - July 25 2019):
- ELMAR and IEEE members: 550 €
- Standard: 590 €
Two additional pages: 100 €
Additional paper: 100 €
Accompanying person on social events: 80 €

* All prices include VAT

Registration fee includes:
- Participation on all symposium sessions
- One printed symposium proceedings per registered participant
- Lunches for participants
- Symposium dinner
- Guided Zadar city sightseeing
- Excursion
by boat or bus

The Registration form is now available.


Falkensteiner Borik Hotel Complex, hotels "Funimation" and "Donat"
(hotel Donat conference halls)
Majstora Radovana 7
HR-23000 Zadar

The Hotel reservation form is now available.